The young Professor of History Yuval Noah Harari form Jerusalem, Israel, is touring the word and he talks about his latest book „21 Lessons for the 21st Century“ which came out early September 2018. He is a key note speaker at many conferences, TED Talks and is asked by very prominent people like Christine Legarde or the World Economic Forum. Bill Clinton talks about him as well as Barack Obama.
He has written three books now – the first was a big surprise to the world and to him – as he was overwhelmed by the success. It is SAPIENS – a little history about the history of humankind – starting 300.000 years ago and he explains the development of species, the first civilizations, the religions and the movement of Liberal thinking. He goes so far that he says it is a long way from a family horde to a cooperation, or a nation. We have to work with people that we do not know, but we have to trust. This is the big step for humankind to be able to do that – globally.
The second book is about HOMO DEUS – the future of humankind. What will happen to humankind, if we go on developing like we did? When we are believing the tech-religion from California and create a value system that says: Machines are better than people? What will we do with all the people who will loose their jobs? And – the best in his book: Who tells us that this is the final destination of evolution to end up in a cyborg or AI-Machine? If we still believe that consciousness is not AI – and consciousness has to do with feelings, suffering, loving, caring – than this matters more than the best pattern-recognition and decision making machine. They will serve humankind for the good – but will not dominate them. He made the choice to paint a future that is very dark just to wake us up and tell us: This is not necessary, we still have time to change it.
The third book is about now. 21 Lessons for the 21st Century. What are the three main Challenges of humankind? 1) Nuclear war, 2) Climate change, 3) Disruption from Tech-development.
These challenges are a global threat and we have to work together with all our existing global institutions and overcome our nationalistic thinking just to work in one direction together. He is not against nationalism, because it helps people to find their place and be proud of. But there are topics, that are larger than national thinking. This book is about the urgent topics and he explains why we have to understand first and act upon it. He has no answers, but he is happy to ask the right questions. And this is the real power of the book: He has a meta thinking level but can articulate in a way, that students and all people can easily follow, he is not academic and uses easy speech – he is very readable.
I think this is what makes him so popular: He has a vision of saving the world by asking the right questions. He is not the big guy with all the answers, but he asks all his colleagues to support the priority of talking and action towards Climate Change. And I think his book is followed by a lot of conferences and actions these days.
For those, who have no time to read the three books – I put together all the videos and the dates of publication – so that you dear reader might just download the links to your mobile phone and you listen to him while sitting in the train or driving on your bike. So at least you have an idea of how he talks, what he says and you can make up your mind, if you would like to read more … as of course there is so much more in the books.
For me the first book was an eye-opener on culture, on cooperations and on human behavior. I was sucking the second book within a week in my vacation on Crete and the third was ordered already before it was out … I am still digesting … have enlightenment yourself and enjoy Yuval Noah Harari.
Video with Yuval Noah Harari
list according to date of publishing
Yuval Noah Harari on the myths we need to survive
Discussion with Intelligence Squared is a forum for debate and intelligent discussion in the UK lasts 1,27 hour
About the book SAPIENS –
Homo Sapiens – first book, Yuval Harari, at USI, 35 min
How Sapiens Conquered the World –
09.2016 Machines might take over
Yuval Harari | Will Technology Help Us Become Immortal? 11 min
Ted Dialogues Topics: Nationalism vs. Globalism: the new political divide 1.00.00 h – This is the first of a series of TED Dialogues, seeking a thoughtful response to escalating political divisiveness. Make time (just over an hour) for this fascinating discussion between Harari and TED curator Chris Anderson.
„How do we make sense of today’s political divisions? In a wide-ranging conversation full of insight, historian Yuval Harari places our current turmoil in a broader context, against the ongoing disruption of our technology, climate, media — even our notion of what humanity is for.
Politicians create a vision that the old days where better and promise to go back – but this is not possible – imagine:
USA: Let us go back when we were great – 1950 ?
Russia: Let us go back to the Tsar time … we have been a great nation
Israel: Let us go back and build the old temple – 2000 years ago!
Patriotism was not always bad– thousands of years ago it made people care for each other. Yellow River in China – brought 1000s of people together to build the big dam to protect all. Today the mega problems are global in essence – they need global structures. Climate warming – it does not make sense if one nation is doing – it has to be done global.
Job Loss: it will originate in technological questions … the jobs are taken by algorithms from California – not from Mexico. Technological disruption is not a topic in political debates. What do we teach the young peole what to learn?
Questioning Our Human Future – 30 min
Wold Economic Forum, Interview Mr. Cann – What about Science Fiction – AI, Bioengineering … (not too brilliant)
New York Times Conference -How Thomas Friedman and Yuval Noah Harari Think About The Future of Humanity 50 min
Friedman is a journalist trying to the see positive, self-regulating aspects of American Tradition – the market will bring order into it. Harari argues that there are global trends that need to be regulated in a consene of humankind – which are not nationalistic. We need a global level.
The most important are: Nuclear War, Climate Change, Technological Disruption. Interesting two totally different perspectives.
video 46 min Yuval Harari – The Challenges of The 21st Century at Deutscher Ethikrat Tagung Deutscher Ethikrat in Berlin am 27. Juni 2018 Programm mit vielen Sprechern aus der ganzen Welt – Key Note Harari
Der Menschheit Würde ist in eure Hand gegeben, Bewahret sie!
Sie sinkt mit euch! Mit euch wird sie sich heben!
So mahnt Friedrich Schiller in seinem Gedicht „Die Künstler“. Die Vorstellung, dass des Menschen Würde in seiner eigenen Hand liege, ruft bei vielen vorwiegend Befürchtungen hervor. Schillers Zeilen lassen sich jedoch nicht nur als Warnung, sondern auch als Versprechen lesen. Er stellt sich des Menschen Würde als etwas durch Kunst und Wissenschaft Veredelbares vor. Textdokumenation aller Reden als pdf
Topic Facism Video ABC news 10 min
2 1 Lessons for the 21st Century: Noah Harari : Why is Facism so attractive? Because it tells you that you are supreme and are beautiful
21 Lessons for the 21st Centrury: A Conversation with Christine Lagarde and Yuval Noah Harari at IMF – International Monetary Fund 36 min
She asks: Why are you a pessimist? I map different possibilities – I emphasize more on the negative scenarios, as the AI developers see too much the positive. My role is to balance. I am not a prophet …. but I ask the important questions, as the trend is: AI and biotech will merge and change the world. And this will be very important for example by the development of the self-driving cars …
TED Talk and Text 18 min, about Religion and Nationalism – Facism, what makes it different
„Ancient religions have not been the only ones to use fiction to cement cooperation. In more recent times, each nation has created its own national mythology, while movements such as communism, fascism and liberalism fashioned elaborate self-reinforcing credos. Joseph Goebbels, the Nazi propaganda maestro, allegedly explained his method thus: “A lie told once remains a lie, but a lie told a thousand times becomes the truth.” In Mein Kampf Hitler wrote, “The most brilliant propagandist technique will yield no success unless one fundamental principle is borne in mind constantly — it must confine itself to a few points and repeat them over and over.” Can any present-day fake-news peddler improve on that?“ Ted Talk
Harari speaks about his new book, 21 Lessons for the 21st Century, with Jonathan Capehart, an Opinion writer for The Washington Post and host of the “Cape Up” podcast. Video and Q/A takes 1.15 h – I liked this a lot. It takes some minutes before it starts – just move ahead. The video is on Facebook only.